and Competitiveness Indicators (2001 – 2011),
During the period 2001 to 2011, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in real terms grew by an annual average of 4.3%. During the same period, the real output of the Manufacturing sector grew at a lower rate of 1.2% per annum while that of Export Oriented Enterprises (EOE) increased at an annual rate of 1.0%.
Labour input (employment) and labour productivity
From 2001 to 2011, labour input for the whole economy grew by an average of 1.3% annually, while that for the manufacturing sector and EOE declined by 2.2% and 4.7% respectively. Labour productivity, as measured by real output per person engaged, grew by 3.0% for the economy as a whole. A growth of 3.6% was registered in Manufacturing, while in EOE a higher growth of 6.0% was registered.
In 2011, labour productivity for the economy grew by 3.7%, higher than the 1.9% growth registered in 2010. In 2011, labour input witnessed an increase of 0.3 % against a growth of 2.3% in 2010, while GDP growth in 2011 was 4.0%, lower than the growth of 4.2% registered in 2010. Labour productivity for Manufacturing increased by 4.7% in 2011, higher than the growth of 3.3% in 2010. EOE witnessed a higher increase of 11.3% in 2011 compared to 8.5% in 2010.
Capital input and capital productivity.
During the period 2001 to 2011, capital input grew at an average annual rate of 5.1% and 1.5 % for the total economy and Manufacturing respectively whereas a decline of 0.2% was recorded in EOE. However, because of low growth in output compared to capital input, capital productivity defined as the ratio of output to capital input, declined by 0.8% for the economy and 0.2% for Manufacturing. On the other hand, in the EOE sector, an annual growth rate of 1.2 % was registered in capital productivity.
Capital productivity witnessed declines for three consecutive years with a drop of 0.8% observed in 2011 for the total economy. In Manufacturing, capital productivity in 2011 increased by 4.0% against a growth of 5.8% in 2010 while in EOE, an increase of 16.7% was noted in 2011 compared to the 16.9 % growth in 2010.
Average compensation of employees and Unit Labour Cost (ULC)
From 2001 to 2011, average compensation of employees increased by an average of 7.1% annually for the whole economy and by 8.5% for Manufacturing and 8.9% for EOE. ULC defined as the remuneration of labour (compensation of employees) per unit of output, grew at an average annual rate of 4.0% for the total economy, 4.8% for Manufacturing and 2.8% for EOE, as a result of higher growths in average compensation of employees compared to labour productivity.
During the same period, ULC in Dollar terms, increased at an average annual rate of 4.2% for the total economy, 4.9% for Manufacturing and 2.9% for EOE.
In 2011, ULC for the economy increased by 3.9% compared to 1.8% in 2010. In Manufacturing, the growth in ULC in 2011 was nearly the same as 2010 (6.6%). In EOE, a decline of 1.2% was registered in 2011 against a growth of 0.5% in 2010. In Dollar terms, ULC in 2011 increased by 11.6% for the whole economy, 14.7% for Manufacturing and 6.2% for EOE as a result of the appreciation of the rupee vis-à-vis the US Dollar.
More: Productivity and Competitiveness Indicators (2001– 2011)
Table 1.4 Unit labour cost in Mauritian Rupees (MUR) and US dollar - Total economy 2001 - 2011
Table 2.1 Trends in output and inputs - Manufacturing sector, 2001 - 2011
Table 2.2 Trends in productivity - Manufacturing sector, 2001 - 2011
Table 2.3 Average compensation of employees, Labour productivity and Unit Labour Cost - Manufacturing sector, 2001 - 2011
Table 2.4 Unit labour cost in Mauritian Rupees (MUR) and US dollar - Manufacturing sector, 2001 - 2011
Table 2.5 - Production Workers: Hourly labour cost of selected countries in US Dollar - Manufacturing sector, 2000 - 2009
Table 3.1 Trends in output and inputs - Export Oriented Enterprises (EOE), 2001 - 2011
Table 3.2 Trends in productivity - Export Oriented Enterprises (EOE), 2001 - 2011
Table 3.3 - Trends in output and inputs - Textile and non textile subsectors of EOE, 2001 - 2011
Table 3.4 - Trends in productivity - Textile and non textile subsectors of EOE, 2001 - 2011
Table 3.5 - Average compensation of employees, Labour productivity and Unit labour cost - Textile and non textile subsectors of EOE, 2001 - 2011
Table 3.6 - Unit labour cost in Mauritian Rupees (MUR) and US dollar - Textile and non textile subsectors of EOE, 2001 - 2011
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