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29.1 Historical background
In the late seventies, the CSO set
up a Unit at the Mauritius Government Tourist Office (MGTO) to produce
relevant indicators to assist in monitoring the industry and in
formulating policy. When the MGTO became a parastatal body under the name
of Mauritius Tourism Development Authority in 1996, the Statistics Unit
was transferred to the Ministry of Tourism.
Before the creation of that unit,
tourism statistics were compiled by the Demography Unit of the CSO as part
of statistics on international travel.
The main task of the Unit is to
process information gathered from embarkation and disembarkation cards
filled in by all incoming and outgoing passengers. The staff is
particularly engaged in the following activities:
- Tabulating tourist arrivals by country of residence, nationality,
purpose of visit, age, sex and length of stay.
of room and bed occupancy rates.
of tourist nights.
term projections of tourist arrivals.
departure of Mauritian residents by country visited.
and processing the biennial "Survey of Outgoing Tourists".
value added of the “Hotels and Restaurants Sector” at current and
short term forecast of value added of “Hotels and Restaurants
29.3 Sources of data
The main source of data for the
compilation of passenger traffic statistics is the Passport and
Immigration Office which maintains a database of all passengers entering
and leaving the country. The data are extracted from the
embarkation/disembarkation cards filled in by all passengers. At the end
of every month, passenger traffic for that particular month is downloaded
on diskette from the computer system and supplied to the Statistics Unit.
Hotels provide data on
accommodation capacity (rooms and beds), and occupancy rates on a monthly
A survey of Outgoing Tourists is conducted every two years since 1984.
29.4 Scope and coverage
Prior to 1994, data on passenger
traffic were compiled from a 10% sample of embarkation and disembarkation
cards. As from January 1994, they are based on movements of all
passengers, including those of cruise ships.
Tourism statistics cover all
non-residents staying for more than 24 hours but less than a year, and not
involved in any gainful occupation during their stay. However, data on
excursionists, that is those who stay less than 24 hours in the country,
are compiled and published separately.
The Survey of Outgoing Tourists
covers a representative sample of tourists at the time of their departure.
The objective of this survey is to obtain qualitative and quantitative
information on tourists to supplement the recurrent statistics.
29.5 Data processing and analysis
Monthly tourism statistics are
processed at the Unit on microcomputers using IMPS software. The
processing involves several steps, namely editing, imputation of missing
values and recoding.
The survey of outgoing tourists is
also processed in-house with the support of the CISD, using IMPS.
29.6 Topics and data items
The following information is
gathered from the embarkation/disembarkation card: Date of travel, country
of residence, nationality, age, sex, usual address, purpose of visit.
(b) Survey of Outgoing Tourists
The data collected relate mainly to
expenditure pattern, purpose and frequency of visits, accommodation and
rating of facilities.
Economic and Social Indicator on International
Travel and Tourism
Digest of International Travel and Tourism
Handbook of Statistical Data on Tourism
Survey of Outgoing Tourists
Monthly tourist arrivals by country
of residence are circulated to hotels and other stakeholders, three weeks
after the reference month.
29.8 Guidelines followed
Tourism statistics are compiled
according to the concepts and definitions laid down by the World Tourism
29.9 Data availability
traffic by sex as from 1933.
traffic by mode of transport as from 1962.
arrivals by country of residence as from 1963.
29.10 Future plans
tables of the Tourist satellite account have been submitted to the
World Tourism Organisation for their views.
up of a Hotel Price Index.
Ms. R. Moraby
Ministry of Tourism
Ken Lee Tower, 7th Floor
Tel. (230) 210-9832
Fax: (230) 211-4150